Water security and sustainability provides a comprehensive treatment of water related issues within the indus river basin. Let s do some fact checks 1 indus river flow is highly seasonal pretty much dry in winter 2 dams and barrages all the way from kotri to tarbela 3 disturbance to eco system and life stock in.
The system is designed to allocate the scarce resource over a large geographic area on equitable basis and the irrigation water delivery to the farmers is linked to the landholdings.
Indus basin irrigation system images. Concepts of indus water management. The water resources statistics is often questionable and based on guesstimates. In many cases old canals and inundation channels in the sindh and punjab regions were revived and modernized.
Each chapter is written by an expert in the field hence this book serves as a single holistic source covering the whole region not just a single country. World environment day june 2012. The indus basin irrigation system ibis in current regime reflects a situation in which the primary resource constraint on agricultural production is water.
A farmer tends a cotton field in pakistan in 2010. Indus waters great indus food machine indus basin irrigation system ibis integrated water resources management iwrm water energy food nexus political economies political ecologies something seems to be missing. The indus basin water is becoming scarce and its demand in rising over for various uses.
Indus river indus river irrigation. Indus basin irrigation system ibis at the time of independence were around 60 maf it progressively increased almost in keeping with the population growth to 106 maf during. Modern irrigation engineering work commenced about 1850 and during the period of british administration large canal systems were constructed.
The indus basin irrigation system is the largest contiguous irrigation system developed over the past 140 years anywhere in the world. This has reduced the flow of water and by 2018 the average annual flow of water below the kotri barrage was 33 billion cubic metres 43 billion cubic yards 46 and annual amount of silt discharged was estimated at 100 million tonnes 98 million long tons. World environment day june 2012 61.
The indus basin irrigation system ibis spread over the flat plains of the indus valley is the largest contiguous irrigation system in the world and is the result of large surface irrigation schemes promoted by the british up to 1947 the time of the independence of the subcontinent of india from colonizers. Irrigation efficiency of indus basin ijaz hussain zakir hussain maqbool h. The indus basin irrigation system is the largest contiguous irrigation network in the world and more than 90 percent of pakistan s agricultural production comes from the indus basin.
Irrigation from indus waters has provided the basis for successful agriculture since time immemorial. Sial waqar akram and m. Photo courtesy ifpri via flickr creative commons.