Features of the basin the indus river system map cs3 1 consists of several tributaries that collect snowmelt and rain from the highest peaks of the himalayas and carry it to the arabian sea traveling 5 000km. Well floodplain farming.
The total area equipped for irrigation in the entire indus river basin is estimated to be around 26 3 million ha of which pakistan accounts for approximately 19 08 million ha or 72 7 percent india for 6 71 million ha or 25 6 percent afghanistan for 0 44 million ha or 1 7 percent and china for 0 03 million ha or 0 1 percent.
Indus basin irrigation system map. Indus river indus river irrigation. This has reduced the flow of water and by 2018 the average annual flow of water below the kotri barrage was 33 billion cubic metres 43 billion cubic yards 46 and annual amount of silt discharged was estimated at 100 million tonnes 98 million long tons. This irrigation system benefits many farmers in pakistan for agriculture.
Box 2075 colombo sri lanka telephone. In the indus river basin 18 495 glaciers help supply water to the river. Irrigation from indus waters has provided the basis for successful agriculture since time immemorial.
Seven of the rivers in this system table cs3 1 cover most of the system s drainage area of about 950 000 km2 and a catchment. The indus basin irrigation system is the most extensive irrigation system ever constructed in the world. The basin that supports this irrigation system comprises the indus river main stem and its major.
In many cases old canals and inundation channels in the sindh and punjab regions were revived and modernized. The indus river also acts as a medium of transportation for many people. The indus basin irrigation system is the largest contiguous irrigation system developed over the past 140 years anywhere in the world.
Pakistan relies on the largest contiguous irrigation system in the world known as the indus basin irrigation system ibis providing basic food security and water supply for all sectors of the economy map 1 1. Sultanate mughal canals on the plains sultanate canals mughal canals ali mardan khan and others. 127 sunil mawatha pelawatte battaramulla sri lanka.
The indus river is one of the most beautiful rivers of india together with its tributaries the indus river forms an important river system which helps the agricultural economy of india. Mughal map of the indus its tributaries painted map of irrigation canal landscape. Modern irrigation engineering work commenced about 1850 and during the period of british administration large canal systems were constructed.
Indus basin irrigation system ibis. Climate change has accelerated glacial melting in the himalaya adding to the risk of future water shortages.