Basin irrigation is suitable for many field crops. Some 800 000 feddans of land under basin irrigation were con verted to perennial irrigation in upper egypt.
Chapter 7 discusses under which circumstances to choose basin irrigation.
Basin irrigation in egypt images. It is by far the most common form of irrigation throughout the world and has been practiced in many areas virtually unchanged for thousands of years. Paddy rice grows best when its roots are submerged in water and so basin irrigation is the best method to use for this crop figure 7. The total area equipped for irrigation in egypt is estimated at 3 45 million hectares 3 4 of the total area of the country and a cropped area estimated at about 5 million hectares.
Surface irrigation is often referred to as flood irrigation implying that the water distribution is uncontrolled and therefore inherently inefficient. Ancient egypt farming ancient egypt activities ancient egypt crafts ancient rome ancient history farm crafts history online story of the world historical pictures. 85 of this is in the nile valley and delta.
Egypt s nile valley basin irrigation. The faiyum oasis arabic. Surface irrigation is where water is applied and distributed over the soil surface by gravity.
Egypt has the largest irrigation area among nile basin countries. The cropped area was expanded. It can be said that this waterway was the sole but powerful source of water for the egyptian community.
People also love these ideas. Hence egyptian irrigation works could be planned very early. An egyptian agriculture and irrigation expert shows the experimental wheat grains in sharqia governorate egypt jan.
For nearly 1 500 years egyptian farmers cultivated about 800 000 hectares under this system of basin irrigation. Egyptian scientists recently claimed they have successfully applied a new method to bring an extra wheat harvest in winter raising new hope to end the country s wheat shortage and achieve food self sufficiency. واحة الفيوم waḥet el fayyum is a depression or basin in the desert immediately to the west of the nile south of cairo in egypt.
The extent of the basin area is estimated at between 1 270 km 2 490 mi 2 and 1700 km 2 656 mi 2 the basin floor comprises fields watered by a channel of the nile the bahr yussef as it drains into a desert hollow to the. The dark circles each about a kilometer across indicate central pivot irrigation. At its peak the flood would cover the entire floodplain to a depth of 1 5 meters.
The above pair of images shows a small settlement just north of the border between egypt and sudan. A well drilled in the center of each circle supplies water to a rotating series of sprinklers. The shaduf the water lifting device already in use in mesopotamia appeared in upper egypt sometime after 1500 bc see illustration 1.
The estimated cropping intensity is 146. Egyptian agriculture giving the country a vast reservoir in lake nasser the world s largest man made lake which protected cultivation from the variations in the nile flood. Saved by bonnie j.